Vue.js is a renowned JavaScript framework that helps web developers build UIs (User interfaces) and SPAs (Single-page applications). This open-source JavaScript library undergoes updates from time to time. It has released various versions so far. Lately, on May 11, 2023, Vue announced its new version, i.e., Vue 3.3.  

Numerous developers are keen to learn what’s new in Vue 3.3. If you’re one of them, here is the comprehensive guide.

Vue 3.3 Updates

Vue is evolving fast, and with each new version, it brings a lot of improvements. In version Vue 3.3, you will notice the following features and enhancements.

1. Improvements in TypeScript TypeSupport

Improvement in TypeScript is one of the significant improvements in Vue.js 3.3. It helps users write type-safe in Vue applications. 

Earlier, they could use only local types like type literals and interfaces in the type parameter position of the defineProps and defineEmits compiler macros. 

With Vue 3.3 updates, this issue has been resolved. The Vue compiler is now capable of handling both imported types and a limited set of complex types.

The type interface for reactive properties is more accurate in this new version of Vue. It naturally minimizes the possibility of type-related errors.

<script setup lang="ts">
 import type { Props } from './foo'
 // imported + intersection type
 defineProps<Props & { extraProp?: string }>()


2. Support for Different Data Types

Vue 3.3 features a plethora of improvements. One significant among them is support for different data types. It gives you support for generic components. Now users can easily make reusable components that work with various data types smoothly. 

This feature is highly beneficial for those developing components that deal with varying data types. What makes it better is users can do this without compromising on safety. 

3. Suspense

Vue 3.3 has introduced the Suspense feature, allowing the users to handle asynchronous operation seamlessly in the components. The user can define fallback content to display while waiting for data to load.

The suspense feature of Vue 3.3 can significantly improve your user experience, especially when your component needs to fetch data from an API.

    <template #default>
      <AsyncComponent />
    <template #fallback>
      <LoadingSpinner />


4. Improved Syntax for defineEmits

Another notable improvement you can see in this latest version of Vue.js is enhanced syntax for the defineEmits function. It enables you to declare the events that a component releases. 

The function improves the readability of code and lets you define Emits with an object notation. It helps users to make a better representation of the emitted events inside the component.

 import { defineEmits } from 'vue';
 export default {
   emits: defineEmits(['click', 'input']),


In the above code snippet, the ‘emits’ property utilizes the ‘defineEmits’ function in conjunction with an array having event names. This approach guarantees a concise declaration of the component’s emitted events. Therefore, it enhances the readability of the code. 

5. defineModel: Streamlining Two-way Binding Components

The innovative defineModel function introduced in Vue 3.3 makes it easy to create two-way binding components. It provides a user-friendly method for defining the modelValue prop and update:modelValue event. Generally, it is used in v-model bindings.

6. Easy Access to Reactive Props

Vue 3.3 has simplified the access to reactive props inside a component’s setup function. This improvement streamlines the process of managing props, supporting easy writing and reading of code and conciseness.

  import { reactive } from 'vue';
  export default {
    props: {
      user: Object,
    setup(props) {
      const { user } = props; // Destructuring reactive props
      // Utilizing the destructured user object
      // ...


The provided code snippet destructures the user prop within the setup function. It allows direct access to its properties. It helps in simplifying the code readability.

7. Improvements in Devtools

Devtools in Vue 3.3 have undergone various improvements. Some of the major updates are as per below.

Event Inspector

The Event Inspector in Vue 3.3 gives better insights into the event system of applications. It lets you inspect event listeners and find out which components are listening to particular events.

Pinning Components

You can now “pin” components in Vue. As a result, it is easier to keep track of a particular component while steering through an application’s component tree.

8. Type Slots with defineSlots

Vue 3.3 features an innovative function named defineSlots. As the name indicates, it encourages precise specification of slot types within a component. This feature boosts type safety in components. Furthermore, it improves IDE support for slot content.


    <slot name="header" :data="headerData" />
    <slot :data="defaultData" />
  import { defineSlots } from 'vue';
  export default {
    slots: defineSlots({
      header: {
        data: {
          type: Object, 
          required: true,
      default: {
        data: {
          type: String,
          required: false,
          default: 'Default Slot Content',


In the above code snippet, the slots use the defineSlots function to define the type of slots used in the component. It helps developers to do type-checking and relish autocompletion during leveraging slots.


In the ever-involving world of web development, it is necessary to keep pace with cutting-edge innovations. What’s new in Vue 3.3 is worth exploring for web developers. Vue.js has been constantly improving to empower users and provide them with a better experience.

The Vue 3.3 updates have brought substantial improvement in TypeScript support and APIs. You can definitely consider using Vue 3.3 for your next project. Unlock the boundless opportunities with Vue 3.3. 

These are a few major updates in Vue 3.3. For complete details, you can refer to Vue 3.3 release notes.

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