Branching strategies in Git have become crucial tools to enhance the web development experience. These approaches enable web developers to collaborate on a project while maintaining multiple versions of the primary codebase.

In short, a team can work on new features independently without affecting the main codebase. 

A well-constructed Git strategy improves project collaboration and code deployment speeds several times.


Best Git Branching Strategies

In this post, we explore some top Git branching strategies, along with their pros and cons. So without any delay, let’s get started.


Trunk Based Development (TBD)

Trunk-based development or TBD is a version control management approach. The strategy supports a single shared branch known as the ‘trunk’. It allows developers to merge frequent updates to a core trunk (main branch). 

TBD lets developers create short-lived branches with a handful of small commits. 

Trunk-based development improves organizational performance by reformatting integration phases and merging. As a result, it helps programmers achieve continuous integration and continuous delivery.







Git-Flow is another renowned branching model for Git. It has various branch responsibilities. For example, main/master for the production, feature for new features, a hotfix for urgent bug fixes in production, develop for active development, and more.

Introduced by Vincent Driessen, this branching model provides a structured approach to organizing branches. Usually, the Git-Flow strategy includes the following branches.



This branch contains production-ready codes.



As the name indicates, the development branch supports ongoing development and integration of new features. 

Git-flow features auxiliary branches that facilitate different stages of development and release management.






GitHub Flow

GitHub Flow is one of the lightweight and straightforward Git branching strategies. Suitable for limited-sized teams and projects, the strategy supports quick bug-fixing. Furthermore, it has numerous other exciting features.  

GitHub Flow is used with GitHub, which is a popular hosting service for Git repositories. It keeps the main branch deployable all the time. 

The workflow of GitHub Flow utilizes two branches. These include:



The GitHub Flow workflow starts with the main branch containing the newest stable code that is ready for release.



Web developers can create feature branches from the main branch. These branches allow them to work on new features. The feature branch gets merged into the main branch after the completion of the feature.

As soon as the merge is complete, developers remove the feature branch. It helps them keep the repository organized and clean.






GitLab Flow

If you are looking for a powerful Git branching strategy that can be scaled as per the requirements, GitLab Flow is an ideal choice.

The branching strategy is designed for developers who use GitLab repository manager. It makes the development process straightforward by focusing on a single, protected branch, usually the main branch.

The GitLab Flow workflow has the following four branches.



This primary branch comprises the latest stable code ready for release.



The GitLab Flow’s workflow begins with the develop branch. This branch holds bug fixes and new features.



The branch allows developers to form feature branches straight from the develop branch to work on new features.



Before every new release, a release branch is formed using the develop branch.

This branch helps users stage the new features and fix bugs for the release. Later on, developers merge the release branch into the develop and main branches.







So these are some of the best Git branching strategies. We explained their uses along with their strengths and weaknesses. Now you can make an informed decision. Choose the one that better aligns with your release approach, project type, collaboration requirement, and team size.


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